Wilckodontics - Periodontal Medicine Surgical Specialists - Chicago Periodontist
Bone Graft
Periodontal Treatment & Information
What is a bone graft?
Periodontal Medicine Surgical Specialists

Periodontal disease or tooth loss causes bone loss. As a result, the bone loss generally causes the bone architecture to become deformed. Sometimes this can cause an unattractive indentation. From a treatment standpoint, the bigger concern is that the damaged bone can no longer support natural or artificial teeth. In order for patients to keep existing teeth or support a dental implant, tissue engineering or periodontal regeneration is sometimes required.

Major & Minor Bone Grafts
Periodontal Medicine Surgical Specialists

Over a period of time, the jaw bone associated with missing teeth atrophies or is reabsorbed. This often leaves a condition in which there is poor quality and quantity of bone suitable for placement of dental implants. In these situations, most patients are not candidates for placement of dental implants.

Today, we have the ability to grow bone where needed. This not only gives us the opportunity to place implants of proper length and width, it also gives us a chance to restore functionality and aesthetic appearance.

Major bone grafting
Periodontal Medicine Surgical Specialists

Bone grafting can repair implant sites with inadequate bone structure due to previous extractions, gum disease or injuries. The bone is either obtained from a tissue bank or your own bone is taken from the jaw, hip or tibia (below the knee). Sinus bone grafts are also performed to replace bone in the posterior upper jaw. In addition, special membranes may be utilized that dissolve under the gum and protect the bone graft and encourage bone regeneration. This is called guided bone regeneration or guided tissue regeneration.

Major bone grafts are typically performed to repair defects of the jaws. These defects may arise as a result of traumatic injuries, tumor surgery, or congenital defects. Large defects are repaired using the patient’s own bone. This bone is harvested from a number of different sites depending on the size of the defect. The skull (cranium), hip (iliac crest), and lateral knee (tibia), are common donor sites. These procedures are routinely performed in an operating room and require a hospital stay.

Have you been recommended for a bone graft?