Following therapy, regular hygiene visits are vital to maintaining periodontal health. Maintenance and good oral hygiene are the keys to good oral health
For cases where there are some residual pockets deeper than 3mm or where the patient has shown a high susceptibility to breakdown, three month (or more frequent) recalls are critical. In these cases it may be difficult or impossible for the patient to reach all areas with oral hygiene techniques andbacteria begin to form colonies (plaque) immediately after treatment.
After a cleaning or maintenance appointment, the first plaque to form is not comprised of aggressive bacteria. If a patient is not able to remove this plaque every day, the plaque shifts or changes into a more aggressive form within about 3 months. As the bacteria in plaque multiply and become more aggressive, they have the potential to cause breakdown of the gums and bone loss. However, if the plaque is removed every three months with professional maintenance, the chance of bone loss is minimized.